How do the earth systems affect each other? The earth systems affect each other by cause and effect. The atmosphere causes warm and dry cold air to meet. The Hydrosphere provides a thunderstorm that leads to prime conditions of a tornado. Water droplets from the mesocyclones moist air form a funnel cloud. 2. How can an understanding of environmental science aid in handling natural disasters? An understanding in environmental science can aid in handling natural disasters by knowing how to take safety ,how to use it to prevent them, and being able to predict them. 3. What efforts can we make to create a sustainable future? The efforts we can make to create a sustainable future are being aware of what affects our environment in bad ways. We need to make sure we have the right technology to protect ourselves and being able to predict the outcomes of our actions.