1. How do the earth systems affect each other? The lithosphere, hydrosphere, cryosphere, and atmosphere are the four subsystems that make up the geosphere. These subsystems interact with each other and with the biosphere to affect temperature, natural cycles, and life on Earth. When a parcel of surrounding air becomes saturated with water, precipitation, such as rain or snow, falls on the Earth's surface. 2. How can an understanding of environmental science aid in handling natural disasters? It informs us what causes it and how we may prevent it. It informs us about disasters and the elements that contribute to them. 3. What efforts can we make to create a sustainable future? We can create a more sustainable future by eliminating plastic, increasing the number of plants in our homes, and utilizing renewable energy. Participate in determining what causes climate change and attempting to avoid using such goods.