- How do the earth systems affect each other?
Volcanoes are formed when tectonic plates are pushed under one another. When water seeps into these rocks and squeezes them, magma is created, thus the geosphere and the hydrosphere interacting. When magma collects deep inside the volcano in what is known as the “magma chamber,” pressure builds and eventually forces its way to the stop causing the eruption. When the volcano erupts, volcanic matter and debris is put into the air and can cause climate damage and can make the air unsafe for humans and animals. If the eruption is bad enough, it can force humans and animals out of their homes and they may also be hurt or killed.
- How can an understanding of environmental science aid in handling natural disasters?
Understanding what causes volcanic eruptions, where they are likely to occur, and how to avoid them can help in handling this natural disaster because it can save lives and help educate those who are unaware of the affects of volcanic eruptions other than what is commonly known.
- What efforts can we make to create a sustainable future?
In order to create a sustainable future, volcanic eruption trainings as well as trainings for other natural disasters should be taught in every school, not just those who are at risk of these eruptions, so that there is a lesser chance that people are harmed.
Growing up watching nature shows and learning about volcanoes in middle school I was not very surprised about my findings. I was aware of the hazardous matter that is emitted into the air when volcanoes erupt and that volcanic eruptions happen in places called “hot spots.” However, I was surprised to find that volcanic eruptions can cause other natural disasters such as wildfires and floods, further causing mass destruction and homelessness to humans and animals native to the area.